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Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates Dilated Eye Exam near you in Chicago, Illinois
Having your eyes dilated during an eye exam may seem like a nuisance. But when you consider the benefits of a dilated eye exam, the temporary blurred vision and sensitivity to light that typically follow are definitely worth it.
What Are Dilated Eye Exams?
At some point during a comprehensive eye exam, your optometrist will shine a bright light into your eyes to examine the back of your eye, called the retina. The problem is that bright light causes the size of the pupil’s opening to shrink, which makes it hard for the optometrist to see a large portion of the retina.
That’s why eye doctors apply special eye drops in each eye to keep the pupils open. A dilated pupil allows for a much more accurate assessment of your eye’s structures, including the focusing lens, blood vessels and tissues at the back of the eye called the retina, as well as the optic nerve and macula.
Dilating the eyes makes it easier for your optometrist to detect the following conditions and diseases:
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Macular degeneration
- Retinal tumor
- Retinal detachment or retinal tears
- Eye floaters
It’s important to note that many of these conditions can develop without noticeable symptoms, until they cause vision loss at which point treatment may be more challenging, making dilated eye exams all the more crucial.
The Dilation Process
First, your eye doctor will apply eye drops to each eye to trigger dilation of the pupil. Your eyes should be fully dilated about 10-20 minutes later.
Your eyes will remain dilated for 4-6 hours, and during this time you may be sensitive to light. That’s because the larger pupil allows more light than usual to enter the eye. Many patients find it more comfortable to wear sunglasses until their eyes return to normal.
Reading and using a computer may be difficult with dilated eyes, and your vision may be blurred. Some patients report feeling a tightening sensation in their eyelids, or headaches.
Dilated eye exams are a crucial part of keeping your eyes healthy. To schedule your comprehensive eye exam, call Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates in Chicago today!
Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates, your Chicago eye doctor for eye exams and eye care
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You should have your dilated eye exam no matter your age. Most eye doctors will dilate a new patient at their first exam regardless of age to get a baseline of their retinal health.
Everyone reacts differently, so it’s hard to tell. If your job requires you to focus on small print or detail, it may be challenging. Typing and writing may also be difficult with dilated pupils. To be on the safe side, book your appointment at the end of your work day, clear your schedule after your eye exam and only plan to do activities which aren’t visually demanding.
Ask our optometrist in Chicago how Do Sunglasses Help People With Glaucoma?
Ever wonder why rock superstar Bono wears sunglasses, even when indoors? It’s not due to his “look”, but rather is related to managing his glaucoma.
Ever wonder why Bono always wears shades, even when indoors? U2’s frontman doesn’t wear sunglasses simply as part of his image. Bono has had glaucoma, a build-up of pressure in the eyeball, which can damage the optic nerve and potentially lead to blindness if untreated—for over two decades now.
The real reason he wears his trademark shades is due to this progressive, sight-robbing eye disease, to protect his sensitive eyes from light and glare.
How Do Sunglasses Help People With Glaucoma?
People with glaucoma experience sensitivity to light (or photophobia) and glare, among other symptoms. When the sun is strong, those with this condition will be more affected by glare emanating from a variety of surfaces, like water, snow, sand or pavement, than the average person. Furthermore, certain glaucoma medications constrict the pupils, which can further contribute to acute sensitivity to glare and light, as well as redness and irritation.
That’s why people with glaucoma — and lots of people without glaucoma — feel best wearing sunglasses when outdoors on a sunny day, in a bright indoor space, or while driving in the early evening.
Here’s How You Can Protect Your Eyes
By wearing sunglasses that offer 100% UV protection, you can reduce your risk of developing sight robbing diseases, like cataracts and macular degeneration, and reduce glaucoma symptoms. Polarized lenses, in particular, can help with glare. With yearly comprehensive eye exams, early diagnosis and consistent treatment, you can prevent vision deterioration from glaucoma or similar sight-threatening eye diseases. Contact Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates in Chicago to book your eye doctor’s appointment today.
Book an eye exam at an eye clinic near you to learn more about your candidacy for contact lenses and which type is right for you.
Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates, your Chicago eye doctor for eye exams and eye care
Alternatively, book an appointment online here CLICK FOR AN APPOINTMENT
While there is currently no cure for glaucoma, there are many effective treatment options available. Treatments that can help stop or slow the progression of glaucoma include eye drops, oral medications, as well as laser and surgical procedures.
The best way to avoid glaucoma-related eyesight deterioration is to undergo regular eye exams, as glaucoma can be detected and treated even in its early stages, which can prevent significant vision loss or blindness. That’s why routine eye exams that include glaucoma testing are so important.
Designer Frames & Sunglasses at Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates
Sunglasses offer clear, comfortable vision while also protecting your eyes from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet light — which is a known risk factor for developing cataracts, macular degeneration, and other sight-threatening eye conditions. That’s why it’s important to always wear sunglasses whenever outdoors.
If you don’t already own a pair of prescription sunglasses, below we’ll explore 3 compelling reasons to pick up a pair from your local optometrist in Chicago.
When you have a pair of prescription sunglasses, protecting your eyes while outdoors becomes a no-brainer.
Even those who wear contact lenses can benefit from owning a pair of prescription sunglasses for days when you just want to give your eyes a break from lenses.
Ask your eye doctor about how to personalize your prescription sunglasses to suit your needs.
Whether you prefer anti-reflective coatings, polarization, or other optical upgrades — your pair of prescription sunnies can be tailor-made for your eyes.
You can even order a pair of bifocal or multifocal sunglasses if you require more than one prescription.
They Offer Better Protection
When you order a pair of prescription sunglasses from your local optometrist, you can be sure you’re getting superior quality.
Sunglasses should always offer 100% UVA and UVB protection, but the fact is that many sunglasses available from other vendors don’t always provide that level of protection. And don’t be fooled by “UV blocking” stickers on the lenses — “UV blocking” is not the same as “100% UV protection”.
At Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates in Chicago, we carry a wide range of fashionable, high-quality, protective sunglasses that will keep your eyes feeling and looking their best.
For all of your optical needs, we’re here for you. Call us today to learn more or schedule your appointment.
- A: It’s important to wear sunglasses all year round. Prolonged exposure to harmful UV light has been known to cause a handful of sight-threatening diseases like cataracts, macular degeneration, and photokeratitis. Sunglasses also shield your eyes from harsh winds that carry debris and irritating allergens.
- A: Whether you’re buying glasses, contact lenses, or sunglasses, it’s best to order them directly from your eye doctor rather than an online source. Online eyewear is more prone to manufacturing errors that can cause visual discomfort and even damage your eyes. When you buy from a local optometrist you get personal care and attention and can bring in your eyewear for adjustments and repairs.
Quality Frames For Prescription Eyeglasses & Computer Glasses. Visit Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates for an eye exam and eyeglasses that match your style.
Vision loss is more common than you may think! In fact, it’s among the most prevalent disabilities in adults and children. Knowing what puts you at risk of developing vision loss is important and can help you to be proactive about caring for your eyes.
Below, we’ll explore the most common causes of vision loss and the risk factors associated with each.
Spreading awareness and education about visual health is just one way that our eye doctors near you can help. To schedule your comprehensive eye exam, call us today.
Common Causes of Vision Loss
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases caused by a buildup of pressure within the eye. Too much inner-eye pressure can damage the optic nerve and lead to vision loss.
Since symptoms don’t usually manifest in the early stages of glaucoma, getting regular eye exams is all the more crucial. Advanced or rapidly progressing glaucoma can show a variety of symptoms, such as blurred vision, headache, severe eye pain and redness, seeing halos around lights, and nausea.
Risk factors for developing glaucoma include:
- Being 60 years or older
- Family history of glaucoma
- African, Asian, or Hispanic descent
- High myopia (nearsightedness) or hyperopia (farsightedness)
- Previous eye injury or certain eye surgeries
- Certain medications, like corticosteroids
- Thin corneas
- Certain medical conditions, like diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and sickle-cell anemia
Cataracts occur when the eye’s lens becomes cloudy. A healthy lens is clear and allows light to pass through it undisturbed.
Common cataract symptoms include cloudy or blurred vision, difficulty seeing at night, light sensitivity, double vision in the affected eye, and seeing colors as faded or yellowish.
Risk factors for developing cataracts include:
- Previous eye surgery, injury, or inflammation
- Extended use of corticosteroids
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
AMD is the leading cause of severe vision loss in adults over the age of 60. It occurs when the macula (the small central portion of the retina, which is responsible for sharp, colorful, central vision) begins to wear down.
Early stages of AMD usually go unnoticed, but later stages of the disease can produce symptoms like blurred vision, dark or blurry areas in your central vision, and problems with color perception.
There’s not yet a cure for AMD, but certain treatments can help prevent vision loss.
Risk factors for developing AMD include:
- Long-term sun exposure
- Heart disease
- Family history of AMD
- Light-colored eyes
Diabetic Retinopathy (DR)
Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes that affects the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye called the retina.
Initially, diabetic retinopathy shows no symptoms but can eventually lead to blindness. As it develops, it can cause increased floaters, impaired color vision, dark spots in your visual field, and blurred vision.
Risk factors for developing diabetic retinopathy include:
- Length of time from diabetes diagnosis — the longer you’ve had it, the higher your chances of developing visual complications
- Uncontrolled blood sugar
- High cholesterol or blood pressure
- African American, Hispanic, and Native American ethnicities
- Family history of DR
So, what’s the bottom line ?
Multiple factors contribute to eye disease and vision loss, and some may even be relevant to you. If you think you may be at risk for vision loss or experience any of the symptoms listed above, speak with your eye doctor in Chicago as soon as possible. We also recommend you have your eyes thoroughly examined every 1-2 years, or as often as your eye doctor recommends. To schedule your comprehensive eye exam, call Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates today.
Frequently Asked Questions With Our Chicago Eye Doctors
- Can blindness be prevented?
When caught early, many eye diseases can be treated to halt or slow the progression of the disease and potentially prevent vision loss. The best things you can do to preserve your vision for the long term is to lead a healthy lifestyle and make sure you undergo a comprehensive eye exam every 1-2 years.
- Which eye diseases are genetically inherited?
More than 350 ocular diseases have some sort of genetic component. Certain diseases, like retinitis pigmentosa and albinism, are directly inherited through chromosomal information. In other cases, a predisposition to the disease is inherited, rather than the disease itself.
Eye Exams and Vision Care at Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates
About 39 million people around the world currently live without sight.
Why so many? What causes it?
There are several reasons people become blind, which we will delve into below. Hopefully, by spreading awareness about the causes of blindness and ways to prevent it, Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates in Chicago will help people like you preserve their vision for a lifetime. Call today to schedule your eye exam.
Top Causes of Blindness
1. Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
This eye disease is the leading cause of near-vision impairment in people over the age of 50. Patients living with AMD often lose part or all of their central vision, making it hard to perform daily tasks like driving, recognizing faces, and watching television.
A cataract occurs when the eye’s natural lens begins to cloud. While most people associate cataracts with advanced age, they can actually occur at any point in a person’s life, and for a variety of reasons. Risk factors for cataracts include genetics, age, radiation, trauma, and certain medications.
An estimated 17% of North Americans above the age of 40 have cataracts. Fortunately, they are easily removed through surgery. Left untreated, cataracts can eventually lead to blindness.
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases caused by increased ocular pressure. The two most common forms are open-angle glaucoma and closed- angle glaucoma. Open-angle is more common and typically progresses silently over a long period of time. Closed-angle glaucoma is a more painful and acute form of the disease. All forms of glaucoma can eventually lead to blindness.
Early detection and treatment are key in preventing vision loss from glaucoma.
4. Diabetic Retinopathy (DR)
DR is a complication of diabetes that occurs when excess sugar in the blood damages the retina’s blood vessels. There are 4 stages of DR, with the first stages rarely presenting noticeable symptoms. In many cases the condition can be managed and treated by your eye doctor, especially if caught early on.
Regular dilated eye exams are crucial for patients with diabetes, as it helps ensure the earliest possible detection of DR.
- A: People often assume those who are blind are unable to see anything. The truth is that to be considered legally blind, a person’s eyesight must be 20/200 — in other words, you’d need to stand 20 feet away from an object that one with healthy vision could see at a distance of 200 feet away. Furthermore, those who are legally blind cannot correct their vision with glasses or contact lenses.
- A: Certain types of blindness are reversible. In cases of cataracts, corneal diseases, wet AMD and some instances of diabetic retinopathy, surgery, injections, and other treatments can return at least some sight to an individual who has experienced vision loss. On the other hand, diseases like glaucoma, retinitis pigmentosa, and dry age-related macular degeneration can cause irreversible vision loss.
Quality Frames For Prescription Glasses & Computer Glasses
As you may have noticed, the underlying theme in preventing all of these sight-threatening conditions is early detection. By undergoing yearly comprehensive eye exams, you stand a higher chance of keeping your eyes and vision healthy for the long term.
To schedule your annual comprehensive eye exam, call Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates in Chicago today.
Designer Sunglasses at Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates
Sunglasses have been a fashion accessory for decades, so it’s no wonder that favorite styles frequently make a comeback, while others remain popular year after year. So what’s changed? The realization that sunglasses aren’t just a fashion statement. They also protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful rays.
At Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates in Chicago we can offer you cool stylish looks while protecting your eyes with our large selection of designer sunglasses.
We’ve listed 5 sunglasses trends to keep in mind when shopping for your new pair of shades.
1. Oversized Lenses
Oversized designer sunglasses are not only a must-have accessory. They’re also highly functional. Larger frames and lenses help block more sunlight from your eyes. Oversized sunglasses also come in polarized and nonpolarized lenses, so you can see better and more clearly while still looking great.
2. Colorful Shades
If you already have a large collection of sunglasses, sunglasses with colorful lenses can be an inspired addition, both fashion-wise and functionally. Each tint provides different benefits to suit your lifestyle. For example, to improve depth perception choose a brown/amber or red tint. Red and yellow tints reduce eye strain. Gray-tinted lenses reduce glare on both sunny and cloudy days.
3. Aviator Sunglasses
There’s a reason that aviator glasses are a staple. They go with everything. Aviator sunglasses protect your eyes while also giving you a sporty, fashionable edge. To add some fun, check out aviator shades in pink, blue, or classic grey.
4. Round Sunglasses
Round sunglasses, which were immortalized by John Lennon, are always trending. They’re especially flattering to people with a round, square or heart-shaped face.
5. Mirrored Lenses
Mirrored lenses are not only stylish but provide a reflective optical coating. From the outside, the coating looks like a mirror and has a reflective surface that reflects a clear image. However, the mirror doesn’t pass on the inside of the lens. Mirrored lenses offer several advantages: they help with glare, making it more comfortable to drive; they keep light from getting into your lenses; they improve how well you see colors; and they protect your eyes from UV rays. They’re a sleek fashion accessory that enhances any outfit.
No matter what style you go for, remember it’s also about protection. The sun gives off strong UV rays, so it’s just as important to protect your eyes while looking cool and stylish. Visit us to see our large variety of designer sunglasses and get the look you’ve always wanted.
Frequently Asked Questions with our eye doctors
- A: Absolutely! Ultra-violet (UV) rays are present and harmful whether it’s cloudy out or sunny! While we all know that UV rays can cause damage to the skin, UV exposure can also cause damage to several important parts of the eyes and can lead to problems such as early-onset cataracts and macular degeneration later in life.
- A: Generally, most sunwear lenses will absorb UV lenses to some degree. Lenses that are marked CR-39R plastic, absorb about 88 percent of UV light. If sunglasses contain polycarbonate lenses, UV absorption will be 100 percent.
Quality Frames For Prescription Eyeglasses & Computer Glasses. Visit us for an eye exam and eyeglasses that match your style.
The holiday season is upon us. For most people, that means going online or running to the mall to shop for gifts. When buying a present for someone who wears glasses it’s good to know what’s trending today. At Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates we carry the latest selection of designer frames, prescription eyeglasses and eyewear accessories.
Eye Doctor & Optical Store
If someone on your gift list wears glasses, below are 5 gift ideas to inspire you:
1. Gift Card
You can’t go wrong with a Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates gift card. Investing in a loved one’s vision goes beyond just providing clear vision. It shows them that you’re thinking of them and care about their health.
2. A Glasses Case
A quality pair of eyeglasses need to be protected. Buying a nice printed or colored eyeglass case allows people to keep their glasses protected in style. There are thousands of cases to choose from. A hard case is usually the best choice, as it delivers a higher level of protection. Consider your friend or loved one’s style preferences when shopping for the perfect case.
3. Eyeglass Repair Kit
An eyeglass repair kit may not be the most unique holiday gift, but it’s among the most useful gifts to have at home or when traveling. A repair kit usually comes with a microfibre cloth, screwdrivers, tweezers, and more. An eyeglass repair kit can be a lifesaver, especially during holidays and weekends, and for those who are often on the go.
Any eyeglass wearer will tell you how annoying it is to have to frequently push up their glasses from the bridge of their nose, or how frustrating those red marks on their nose can be because of their frames.
Nerdwax is a tube of wax that enables glasses to stay in place, all while stopping them from irritating the nose. This simple gift can bring increased comfort to the eyeglasses-wearer, enhancing their quality of life.
5. Cleaning Kit
Because eyeglasses require daily cleaning, an eyeglass cleaning kit is a great gift for those who regularly wear specs. Clean glasses not only offer clearer vision, but they help prevent glare, which enhances safety, particularly while driving. Using a proper cleaning kit also prevents the lenses from scratching and incurring permanent damage. A proper cleaning kit should include lens cleaning solution and at least one microfiber lens cloth.
With the assistance of our team, your gift recipient can choose from a wide selection of eye care products. Contact Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates to find out what a gift card can be used towards this holiday season.
Schedule an Eye Exam or Contact Lenses Fitting At
Being a Woman Increases The Chances of Developing Eye Problems
When it comes to eye health and vision, men and women aren’t created equal. It might surprise you to learn that, worldwide, two-thirds of all cases of blindness and visual impairment occur in women.
Read on to learn why being a woman increases the chances of developing eye problems, and how regular visits to your eye doctor can help.
Longer Life Expectancy
Women live about 5 years longer than men on average. Moreover, women tend to remain healthier longer than their male counterparts. According to the World Health Organization, the average woman can expect to live a full 70 years before experiencing a major disease or injury, compared to 67 healthy years for a man.
But a woman’s increased life expectancy has significant implications when it comes to her eye health and vision. Age is a major risk factor for conditions and diseases like glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and dry eye syndrome.
The longer a woman lives, the more likely that she will develop a serious eye condition or disease.
Women experience a remarkable amount of hormonal fluctuation throughout their lifespan. Puberty, pregnancy, and menopause all cause surges of estrogen, which can affect vision. Taking birth control pills also can cause visual or ocular symptoms, due to the varying levels of progesterone and estrogen.
Fluctuating estrogen levels can result in dry eye syndrome, which causes uncomfortable symptoms like red, itchy, watery eyes and, if untreated, possibly eye damage. Some women also experience blurred vision during estrogen surges. This is common during pregnancy but vision tends to normalize shortly after birth.
In almost every society around the world, women take more medication than their male counterparts. This includes both prescription and over-the-counter medications. What many don’t know is that several of these medications can pose significant risks to your eye health and vision, if taken in high dose and over an extended period of time.
Some medications that can affect your eyes include corticosteroids, antihistamines, antimalarials, and antipsychotic and antidepressant medications. Always consult your doctor before taking any prescription or nonprescription medications.
An autoimmune disease occurs when the body’s own immune system backfires and attacks the body’s own tissue. While the exact reason is still unclear, it is well documented that women have far more autoimmune diseases than men.
According to The National Institutes of Health, 75% of people living with an autoimmune disease are female. Some common autoimmune disorders that impact eye health include rheumatoid arthritis, Sjorgen’s syndrome, multiple sclerosis, lupus, and Graves’ disease (hyperthyroidism). These can cause symptoms like dry and red eyes, foreign-body sensation, pain, changes in vision, and sometimes vision loss.
What Can Women Do To Preserve Their Eye Health?
Whether you are male or female, taking a preventative approach to eye care is the best way to preserve your vision.
Eat a healthy diet rich in vitamins A, C, E, Omega-3’s, and zinc to support eye health. Quit or reduce smoking if you haven’t already. Also, limit your alcohol intake.
In addition to healthy lifestyle choices, a key factor in minimizing your risk of eye disease is seeing your eye doctor regularly.
Having frequent comprehensive eye exams allows your eye doctor to screen your eyes for early signs of disease. By detecting eye disease early, you’ll increase your chances of receiving effective treatment and preserving your vision.
Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates optometrists in Chicago, Illinois provide expert eye exams and quality eye cae services.
Call to schedule your comprehensive eye exam today.
Eye Care in Chicago, Illinois
Using face paints and eye makeup can be a fun and creative way to dress up this Halloween. But since costume makeup is often applied more heavily than day-to-day makeup, it involves greater risk of eye infection and irritation. Here are our recommendations for keeping your eyes safe and happy while rocking your Halloween makeup look.
- Only use products that are intended for use around the sensitive eye area, such as the eyeshadow and eyeliner you use all year long. Many face paints and other products sold before Halloween are not eye-friendly. Be sure to read a product’s instructions before applying it.
- Try to use hypoallergenic products to lower the risk of an allergic reaction.
- Avoid applying costume makeup directly on your eyes, even if the product’s packaging depicts an image of an eye with closely applied makeup. A good rule to follow is keeping the makeup above the eyebrow.
- If you plan to use a new product, test it out on a small area of skin a few days before Halloween to ensure that it won’t irritate your skin.
- There is no luminescent or fluorescent cosmetic product that is FDA-approved for use around the eye area. Don’t apply makeup containing these ingredients.
- To prevent irritation, promptly remove your eye and face makeup after trick-or-treating or attending a Halloween party.
- Follow the removal instructions that are written on the product’s label.
- Always replace Halloween makeup from year to year. Using last year’s cosmetics significantly raises your risk of introducing harmful microbes into your eyes.
- Never share eye makeup with another person.
Some signs of irritation include eye redness, itchiness, inflammation, pain, sensitivity, or watery eyes. If you experience any uncomfortable symptoms due to eye makeup or anything else, contact Dougal, McClellan, Sullivan, & Ethington Eye Associates for a prompt eye examination. We wish all of our patients a safe and happy Halloween!
REFERENCES 10 Tips for Halloween Makeup Eye Safety